HADRIAN Journey Stresstimator

Making a journey can put a variety of demands on a person wishing to travel. These demands may take many forms and all of them have the potential to exclude people from using public transport.  A range of physical, sensory, cognitive, and emotional factors affect how people with different abilities, ages, genders, ethnicities and socioeconomic status use public transport. One unifying perspective for all of these issues is stress. The HADRIAN Journey Stresstimator has been developed to simulate the experiences of people over a whole journey and identify areas that are potential stressors.


All elements of a journey that could lead to exclusion can be treated as stressors and it is the ability of people to cope with those stressors that determines whether they are at risk of being excluded. The HADRIAN Journey Stresstimator makes use of the HADRIAN database of 102 real people, including 59 with various disabilities, to enable modelling of discrete physical interactions that are based on the complex limitations of real people rather than generic population data. The Stresstimator works by comparing stressors that feature in a particular journey with the known capabilities, behaviours and emotional responses of the 102 individuals within HADRIAN.  This simulates the stress levels that these people would experience throughout the journey.


Please see right column on this page for further information on Stresstimator.

Key Documents



E: J Mark Porter

E: Keith Case

E: Ruth Sims

E: Diane Gyi

E: Russ Marshall

E: Steve Summerskill

E: Pete Davis


Research led by

Loughborough Uni. -
Loughborough Design School